What is CrossFit?
CrossFit is constantly varied functional movements performed at relatively high intensity. All CrossFit workouts are based on functional movements, and these movements reflect the best aspects of gymnastics, weightlifting, running, rowing and more. These are the core movements of life. They move the largest loads the longest distances, so they are ideal for maximizing the amount of work done in the shortest time. Intensity is essential for results and is measurable as work divided by time—or power. The more work you do in less time, or the higher the power output, the more intense the effort. By employing a constantly varied approach to training, functional movements and intensity lead to dramatic gains in fitness. (Quoted by CrossFit Journal-What is CrossFit Article)
What is Fitness?
Definition of Fitness: Measurable, observable, repeatable data.
CrossFit Definition of Fitness: “Increased work capacity across broad time and modal domains.” – Greg Glassman (founder of CrossFit)
CrossFit Defines Fitness with 3 set standards to live by…
- 1st standard: 10 general physical skills. These skills are developed through either training, practice, or both training and practice. Having a broad range of skills to work on helps you train for not only the things you’re good at or that you like to train, but forcing you to work on the things you may struggle with.
-Cardio Respiratory Endurance
2nd Standard: Virtuosity- Doing the uncommon, commonly well. CrossFit is known for their programming to prepare you for the “unknown and unknowable,” setting you up to be successful in your everyday life.<
The implication here is that fitness requires an ability to perform well at all tasks, even unfamiliar tasks, tasks combined in infinitely varying combinations. In practice this encourages the athlete to disinvest in any set notions of sets, rest periods, reps, exercises, order of exercises, routines, periodization, etc. Nature frequently provides largely unforeseeable challenges; train for that by striving to keep the training stimulus broad and constantly varied. (Quoted from CrossFit Journal: What is Fitness Article)
- 3rd Standard: The 3 metabolic Pathways
- Phosphagen: This pathway could last up to 10 seconds. Translating to a 1 Rep Max or a small set of reps for a very short duration of time. (high power output)
- Glycolytic: Lasts up to several minutes. Example: 800m Sprint, the workout “Fran”, or an AMRAP set for a certain amount of time. (moderate power output)
- Oxidative: Those that last up to an excessive amount of time…like a long distance run, or a workout like “Murph” or “Eva.” (low power output)
Many people in a typical gym setting, or someone who only trains in “their sport” are really only good at one of these pathways. CrossFit athletes strive to be fit in all of them, making well-rounded athletes
Why CrossFit…? Because CrossFit is for EVERYONE!
The Founder of CrossFit says it best. “While CrossFit challenges the world’s fittest, the program is designed for universal scalability, making it the perfect application for any committed individual, regardless of experience. We scale load and intensity; we don’t change the program. The needs of Olympic athletes and our grandparents differ by degree, not kind.”
FITNESS IN 100 WORDS